A cactus is a member of the plant family Cactaceae, a family comprising about 127 genera with some 1750 known species of the order Caryophyllales. Cacti are succulent perennial plants. What you should do is to get the plant to follow its natural growth cycle. It needs to go dormant in winter and then wake up in spring. Typical of most cacti, the pads are armed with barbed bristles and spines. Cacti flower on fresh growth, so if your plant just sits there, unchanging year after year, it’s very unlikely to flower. Cacti generally have thick herbaceous or woody chlorophyll-containing stems. One of the most famous of the cacti is the night-blooming cereus usually classified as Selenicereus or C. Grandiflora. Fruits of many cacti are edible.
Cacti are unique among many plant species for their ability to adapt to extremely dry environments. They don’t have leaves, so photosynthesis occurs in their trunks. if you’ve ever killed cacti you are not alone. The easiest way is by overwatering, poor drainage and using the wrong compost. Ordinary potting compost holds water well, which is a huge bonus for most plants but not for cacti, they need very good drainage.
- Water: Water well when the soil is completely dry. Check the soil as deeply as possible (Tropical Cacti should be watered as soon as the surface of the soil dries out. Keep a little moist when in bloom).
- Humidity: Cacti and Succulents prefer dry conditions – do not mist.
- Light: At least 2-3 hours of direct sun daily is recommended (Tropical Cacti prefer bright indirect sunlight to light shade. Some direct morning sun may be tolerated, but too much may burn them).
Do they flower?
Everything about cactus plants: Cactuses are so interesting. Some have the most vibrant beautiful flowers, and then other cacti have very unattractive flowers. Cacti are all flowering plant, but some have more prominent blooms. There are a few that will flower quite easily with impressive, colorful displays. Most cacti bloom in the spring for a very short period, sometimes for only a few hours.
The blossoms are noticeably sensitive to light, and often different species blossom only at specific times of the day. Its fragrant blossoms unfold at a visible rate after sunset and last only a single night. The spines serve a few different purposes, such as providing the cactus with shade, protection or attracting pollinators by secreting nectar in a select few species.
Where it lives?
Everything about cactus plants: The only cacti possibly native to the Old World is members of the genus Rhipsalis, occurring in East Africa, Madagascar, and Sri Lanka. Cacti are native through most of the length of North and South America, from British Columbia and Alberta southward. The southernmost limit of their range extends far into Chile and Argentina. Mexico has the greatest number and variety of species. One feature that only cactus plants have is areoles. These are the small bud-like bumps from which the cactus spines protrude, which are evolutionary remnants of branches from cactus ancestors. Other plants with needles or spines do not have areoles.
The benefits of cactus:
Everything about cactus plants: Cactus leaf also offers certain nutritional and other health benefits. Along with admirable levels of potassium, calcium, manganese, copper, and iron, it is also replenished with various vitamins and phytonutrients. Cactus juice offers a good dose of nutrition to everyone. For example, the sap from the pads repels mosquitoes and is a remedy for minor cuts and burns, according to the University of California Cooperative Extension. In addition, some of the benefits of cactus are described below:
- Good for Diabetes Type II
- Natural Antidote for Hangover
- Beneficial For Women
- Soothes Joint Inflammations
- for Lower LDL Levels
- for a Healthier Gut
- Safeguards Body from Free Radical Damages
- Strengthens Immune System
- Prevents Onset of Cancer
- Natural Antidote for Skin Disorders
- Aloe Vera
Some examples of cactus:
- Acanthocalycium thionanthum
- Armatocereus oligogonus
- Arrojadoa penicillata
- Ariocarpus kotschoubeyanus subsp. elephantidens
- Arthrocereus rondonianus
- Astrophytum coahuilense
- Ariocarpus lloydii
- Ariocarpus confusus
- Astrophytum caput-medusae
- Arrojadoa theunisseniana