Spring is a good time to begin growing and digging. Gardening is about finding the right combination of sunlight, fertile soil, and water that makes your plants thrive and it’s about fulfilling your passion. There’s a gardener in everyone just waiting to sprout. Having a garden can be a perfect way to grow your own vegetables. Fall is a good time to plant trees, shrubs, bulbs, and some perennials. You can plant a small garden if you have limited space, or you can plant a large garden in your backyard. When you’re a beginner it can be nice for growing the best vegetable. Want to learn how to start a garden, but not sure where to begin? Read this article about starting a garden.
Starting a garden : Decide what type of garden you like
There are many different types of gardens and uses for a garden. Is this going to be a flower garden? a herb garden? Butterfly or hummingbird garden? Or is this going to be a vegetable garden? If you don’t eat a crop, don’t grow it. Talk to successful gardeners in your area to find out which crops grow well and which don’t.
Starting a garden : Pick the right place
A good location for your garden is absolutely key. Plants can’t survive without the proper amount of sun and water. Most fruits and vegetables need a minimum of six hours of direct sunlight per day for fruiting. Think about how you will care for your plants; access the garden for picking, and water. Think ahead, too, about water. Choose a place for your garden where they can get all they need. You don’t want to plant in a place that’s prone to flooding during heavy rains, or in a place that tends to dry out a lot. Avoid low areas where frost is likely to settle.
Starting a garden : Test the soil
Before you plant, make sure your soil is in the best shape it can be. Good soil will have an adequate amount of lime, nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Test your soil’s pH to see if you need to make changes to balance it. You can take soil samples from around your garden and have them sent to your local state. Take multiple soil samples from around your garden to make sure that you are getting accurate test results. Enriching your soil with compost provides needed nutrients. Plants’ roots penetrate soft soil more easily, so you need nice loamy soil. Proper drainage will ensure that water neither collects on top nor drains away too quickly.
Starting a garden : Dig a garden
Digging loosens the soil so roots can penetrate more easily. In vegetable gardens and beds of annual flowers, turn the soil only once a year in the spring before you plant. Double digging aerates the deeper layers of your garden’s soil. Double digging allows your plants to grow bigger and more vigorously because they have room for their roots! Use a spade or spading fork to gently turn the top 8 to 12 inches of soil, mixing in the organic matter from Step 4.
Starting a garden : Pick your plants
Some people head to the garden center and buy what wows them. Some people pore over catalogs for months. Many plants do well when you start them from seeds. Growing from seed has the advantage of allowing you to start the seed in a container and keep it indoors or put it right into the ground. Growing from seed can take anywhere from one to four months depending on what you are growing, so it is important to plan ahead.
Put plants in the ground
Using the arrangement you have devised, place each plant in the garden. Some plants, such as pansies and kale, tolerate cold, so you can plant them in autumn or late winter. Some plants, such as lettuce and sunflowers, are easy to grow from seed. Gently set each plant into its hole, so as to not damage any part of it. Be sure to keep the seeds and seedlings moist but not wet.
Seedlings should never dry out. The first few weeks after planting should have a bit more water to help the roots to get settled. New transplants need frequent watering—every other day or so—until their roots become established. Avoid overwatering, though, by flooding the top layer of your garden.